VK5TM


News, Updates and Other Minutiae

As a lot of people have pics of things unrelated to ham radio on their websites, I thought I would add a couple of my own (Scroll down for site updates). Banjo, our Red Heeler/Koolie cross at 4 months old. Banjo at 4 months And at 12 months old (Feb 2016) enjoying his birthday breakfast treat of banana on toast. Banjo at 4 months

May 2017

New project added - my version of the X-Phase noise canceller. PCB available and a kit of parts to follow soon

27 December 2016

Another addition to the Gallery section. This time, fitting a DDS module to a Philips PM5326 RF Generator to cure a bad drift problem.

26 November 2016

Additional software for the Simple DDS VFO added. This enables the pushbutton on the encoder to change step size (step sizes 10kHz, 1kHz and 10Hz). See the notes in the Download section of the Simple DDS VFO page for more info.

20 November 2016

I have had some interesting conversations with homebrewers over the last few years relating to experiments/modifications of the works published on this website. One of the things on the 'list of things to do', was to publish some of their pics' etc on my website, so along that line, the first one, a filter/leveller for DDS modules from G3OAG, is now on my site. This one and all the others I have available to show, will be posted under the 'Gallery' menu. Now that things are starting to return to somewhat normal around here, I will endeavour to get the others up as quickly as possible (with apologies to those that have been waiting to see their work in lights).

Simple SDR

I was given a Comet SB15 6/2/70 mobile whip and various pre-cut pieces of aluminium for a 3 element yagi (see antenna page), in exchange for building the following project for a friend.

The project is a Simple SDR (software defined radio), which was published in the WIA's magazine "Amateur Radio", volume 79, issues 9 & 10 2011. Titled "The Simple SDR: a basic software defined radio anyone can build" by Peter Parker VK3YE. The editor of AR and Peter VK3YE have kindly given me permission to publish the original circuit diagrams from pages 28 and 30 of the October 2011 issue, shown as figure 2 & 3 below. Also see Peter's Youtube video of the original in action. (Links at the bottom of the page). In the schematics, you will notice that they are xtal controlled and cover part of the 40m & 80m bands. My friend would like to have the Simple SDR cover only not the 40m & 80m bands but also the 20m band in full. To accomplish this, a VFO will be required instead of the xtal oscillator. As the build progresses, I will add more information here, but to start, here are the schematics and also some pictures of a donor radio and parts from it. sdr schematic figure 2 sdr schematic figure 2 Notice the different output stage and USB powering of the second schematic. (Click images for larger versions. Opens in new window.) the donor radio parts from the donor radio The donor radio is one of those supposedly heavy duty, waterproof radios you find on construction sites. I can tell you they are not that waterproof and this one gave up the if transformers, variable cap, rotary switch, a slow motion drive and a knob for the switch. The coils have been modifed to the inductances needed for the VFO to cover 20m, 40m & 80m. No photo's of the modification unfortunately, as, inside those cans, the formers are about as big as a medium sized ant. the slow motion drive, rear the slow motion drive, front Surprisingly, the slo motion drive, above, does a reasonable job. The white goop around the shaft is supposed to be waterproofing - it doesnt work. Dirt and grit also gets inside the mechanism and needs to be cleaned out. If you can't do it by soaking it in something, you will have to bend those tags up to dismantle it. Be careful, they aren't designed to be bent backwards and forwards that much and may break off.

VFO

I have done some work on the VFO for the Simple SDR. Below is the schematic that I started with and some photo's showing where it is up to. At this stage, the VFO works on 80m and 40m but is being a bit cantankerous on 20m (I have made some changes to the circuit, so it is a bit different to the drawing).(Click for larger version. Opens in new window.) first sdr vfo schematic Being a one off, I have not made a pcb for this project, instead marking the islands with a texta and engraving it with a Dremel. Quick and simple. vfo pcb island marking the engraved pcb As you can see, not engraved too straight, but it will be hidden in a box so nobody will see it. the engraved pcb the engraved pcb Front and back of the assembled pcb. This is a temporary set-up I used to test the operation of the circuit. As you can see in the scope shot below, a nice clean sine wave with plenty of level (2.6V). scope pic of the output

VFO Part 2

OK, got most of the problems sorted in the VFO. It now gives a nice clean sine wave on the 80m,40m 20m bands, although still need to put it on the spectrum analyder to make sure it has no nasty spurs. The output does drop off by about 1V on the 20m band, so we will have to see if that is going to be a problem later. It must be something to do with the frequency response of the 2N3819, although they are supposed to be good into VHF.(These are Fairchild branded ones). The revised schematic is below. For those of a more mathematical design bent, you will notice that the values of C4,C5,C6 and C7 don't match the theoretical values for a Colpitts oscillator of the various frequency bands. I haven't done any investigation as to why, (my guess would be the gate capacitance of the J-Fet) but these values work , so it will stay that way for now. sdr vfo schematic part 2 (Click image for larger version. Opens in new window.) For anybody that may decide to build this VFO, the value of C1,C2 & C3 is chosen to give the band coverage you need and they will vary depending on the coils you are using. In this VFO, I didn't count turns but used an LC meter to give coils of approximately 30uh, 7uh and 1.5uh for the 80m,40m and 20m bands respectively. Depending on the J-Fet you use, C4, C5, C6 and C7 may need adjusting in value as well. There are particular equations for calculating the various capacitor values of a Colpitts oscillator (which you can search the internet for if you really want them) but the following values are those that should have been used here:- 80m - C4 500pf, C5 & C6 1000pf. 40m - C4 210pf, C5 & C6 500pf. 20m - C4 100pf, C5 & C6 250pf.(C7 in this VFO is to increase feedback on the 80m band for reliable starting). Next up is to build the rest of the receiver and try it out, but in the mean time, below are some pictures of the VFO in it's almost finished state, before it goes into a sheilded box. vfo front view behind vfo front panel internal view of the vfo another internal view of the vfo

Receiver

The receiver pcb was made in the same way as the VFO pcb. Mark out the islands with a fine marker and use the Dremel to cut away the copper around them. pcb island pattern To keep the receiver compact, the receive pcb was kept small. As you can see in the photo below, some of the islands probably should have been made a bit larger. assembled receive pcb Below are a couple of photo's of the receive pcb mounted to the vfo. When these photo's were taken, I hadn't connected the 40m and 20m coils to the bandswitch (the two loose wires in the photo's), as I wanted to test the receiver on 80m before going too far. Up crops problem #1 - no antenna to connect to it, so, use a signal generator I think. Problem #2 - I don't have a signal generator that goes below 10MHz to test with. The cure was to purchase a couple of the DDS modules available from China, an AD9850 module and an AD9851 module. Having done that and made up a signal generator with one of them (I will describe it on another page), the final wiring was done and the SDR was adjusted. The only thing left to do now , is put up an antenna, hook the SDR to a PC and see what happens. Nearly finished. assembled receive pcb assembled receive pcb

Reference & Links
Peter VK3YE's video of the original Simple SDR
The Wireless Institute of Australia. Australia's national ham radio organisation